Located on an extinct volcano in Scotland, Edinburgh Castle is the city’s most important tourist attraction. In 1566 the castle became the birthplace of King James VI of Scotland who formed a union with England and Ireland when he succeeded Elizabeth I to become James I of England in 1603. In 1650, Oliver Cromwell took the castle after executing James’ son, Charles I, and a succession of sieges saw Edinburgh Castle change hands over the following hundred years.
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