(Image: Martin Third, reproduced with permission)
It looks like the rusting shell of any other defunct Boeing 747. Despite its long career with British Airways and later European Aviation Air Charter, this Jumbo Jet serial number G-BDXH almost came to a tragic end on June 24, 1982. On that day, the 747-236B aircraft was operating the scheduled British Airways Flight 9 service from London Heathrow to Auckland when all four engines failed after ingesting volcanic ash thrown up by an eruption of Mount Galunggung, 110 miles south-east of Jakarta.
In what is sometimes referred to as the Jakarta Incident, the 747, named City of Edinburgh and call sign Speedbird 9, was diverted to Halim Perdanakusuma Airport in the hope that it would glide long enough for the engines to be re-started once it had exited the ash cloud.
The loss of all four engines led to a fall in cabin pressure as oxygen masks dropped from panels above the seats. But Senior First Officer Roger Greaves’ mask failed to work, forcing Captain Eric Moody to descend at a rate of 1,800 metres per minute to an altitude of 13,500 feet where the pressure was sufficient to breathe relatively normally.
Preparing for an unprecedented and extremely risky water landing, the pilots attempted the engine re-start procedure and, to their extreme relief, one by one, all four engines burst into life allowing G-BDXH to clear the mountains of Indonesia.
Experiencing the eerie effects of St Elmo’s Fire, Moody was once again forced to descend to 12,000 feet after the number 2 engine shut down a second time. Having cleared the mountains, Moody and Greaves lined up on finals, but the approach had to be flown almost blind due to the effects of ash on the windscreen.
(Image: Google Earth)
The crew received various commendations and G-BDXH was ultimately returned to service. The engine-less flight entered the Guinness Book of Records as the longest glide of a non-purpose built aircraft and was featured in a TV documentary titled “Falling from the Sky”.
Renamed City of Elgin, 747 G-BDXH continued flying until 2004, after which it spent the next five years neglected in a corner of Bournemouth Airport. In 2009 the 30-year-old Jumbo was finally scrapped, its fuselage bought by environmental group 10:10 to be made into tags aimed at persuading individuals and businesses to reduce their carbon emissions by 10% in 2010.
If ever an ex-BA 747 was worthy of preservation, it was G-BDXH.